Vine cultivation in the area dates back to the 2nd century BC, as confirmed by the discovery of a wine storage vat in the Celtiberian settlement of Segeda, a town of great importance during the Numantine wars, and situated between the districts of Belmonte de Gracián and Mara.
The first historical reference to the great quality of the wine can be traced back to the 1st century and Marcus Valerius Martialis, the historian born in the Roman city of Bilbilis.
Augusta Bilbilis was a flourishing city in its time where, in its surroundings the Moors later founded the city of Calatayud. It was the Romans who developed the cultivation of the vine, the Moors who abandoned the practice, and the Christians who brought it back to prominence during the Reconquest as a colonializing crop.
At the end of the 12th century Cistercian monks promoted the planting of vineyards in the area and founded the monastery named Monasterio de Piedra, whose cellars give testament to the importance of the vine in the surrounding countryside.